Is the Seder experience about the past or the future? Does it help us remember what was or resolve to be different? If it is about the past then what do we learn from the Seder? If it is about the future what is the message?
The following is what we refer to as the four questions.
Why is this night different from all other nights?
On all other nights we eat leavened products and matzah, and on this night only matzah.
On all other nights we eat all vegetables, and on this night only bitter herbs.
On all other nights, we don’t dip our food even once, and on this night we dip twice.
On all other nights we eat sitting or reclining, and on this night we only recline.
How many questions are there in the ‘four questions’?
The Seder concludes with the song Ḥad Gadyah. The following is one of many interpretations of the song.
Why do we conclude with this? Check out http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chad_Gadya
Many have the custom to where a kittel (long white robe or coat) at the seder. The NeTzI”V (Rav Naftali Tzvi Yehuda Berlin of Volozhin) says that this is to remind us of the Takhriḥim (Jewish Burrial Shrouds). Why do we want to be reminded of death and burial at the Seder table?
Why else may we want to where the Kittel?
The Seder concludes with a portion called “Nirtza” or “it was caused to be accepted” (I know, that’s a lot of information in just 1 Hebrew word). In every other section of the Seder there is some act, washing, breaking, eating, drinking, blessing etc. In this section we only sing songs, there is no action taken.
Why is this section called Nirtza? Why is there no action which is part of this section?